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Florida To Permit Hydrocarbon Extraction Methods For Medical Cannabis



The Florida Department of Health Office of Medical Marijuana Use (OMMU) released new rules regarding the different extraction methods used for medical cannabis, and it will allow for a variety of new products to hit the market. Hydrocarbon extracted products were previously outlawed in Florida until the OMMU could determine the method’s possible harmful effects. What is hydrocarbon extraction? It is the process of using gasses such as butane and/or propane to extract the desirable compounds from cannabis. This method is commonly used to produce shatter, hash, and the oils inside cartridges. The new rules released by the OMMU now allow the extraction methods as long as they adhere to the following:

  1. Extraction equipment must be approved by local fire code officials.

  2. Employees extracting the products must be trained in safety and application.

  3. Documentation of all employees training for and performing the extraction method.

  4. Abide by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) codes and standards for storing, handling, and disposing of solvents (propane, butane).

The official rules can be found here.


There are a few pros and cons of the hydrocarbon extraction method and its reputation varies from person to person. Some pros include various kinds of extracts that can be produced compared to other extraction methods and the authenticity of a plant, such as its terpenes and genetic makeup, can be found in the method's final product (shatter, hash). However, the method must be executed by professionals because it has the potential of hazardous results. Explosions by flammable chemicals and the final products, such as oils, containing toxins are a few of its drawbacks. Regardless, the new rules by the OMMU allow for much more choices for patients, but it is the responsibility of both the state and the dispensaries to buy from professional extractors so that the patients' wellness is still a top priority.

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